Sanctions

Analyzing the Role and Effectiveness of Sanctions

Less than a month into his presidency, U.S. President Joe Biden has already stated that he will impose sanctions on coup leaders in Myanmar. Other White House officials have also suggested that sanctions against Russia are...

Interplay Between Maritime Law and Cyber Space

Anum Khan l In the 21st Century, the COVID pandemic has not only affected human life, but the time of the pandemic has also witnessed a cohort of cyber-crimes against vessels which has led to loss...
Kashmir

Article 370: What Happened with Kashmir and why it Matters?

Hajra Haroon l Kashmir is a region known for bloodshed,  political instability, militarization and human rights exploitation. This turbulent history stems from fighting for its right to self-determination ever since the partition of the Indo-Pak...
Libya

Apparent War Crimes in Libyan Conflict

The Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF) should urgently investigate evidence that fighters affiliated with it apparently tortured, summarily executed, and desecrated corpses of opposing fighters, Human Rights Watch said today. The attacks by the armed group, which...
Aksai Chin

China or India: Who Owns Aksai Chin ?

TIC Brief l China’s territorial disputes with India in Ladakh date back to the modern founding of the two countries. Beijing’s claim lines have shifted west on at least two occasions, each involving demands (based...
United Nations

Kashmir Conundrum and International Law

Adv Abdul Rasool Syed l The scrapping of article 370 and subsequent annexation and illegal occupation of the state of Jamu and Kashmir by India has once again, brought the seven-decades-old Kashmir issue, a prime...
Kashmir

Kashmir: From Disputed to Occupied Territory

Syeda Zainab Hameed Gillani l After the escalation in First Kashmir war, the Indian Cabinet referred the Kashmir crisis to the UN Security Council on 1 January 1948. UNSC Resolution 38 was passed in January...
Qasem Sulemani

Legality of US Airstrike on Gen. Qasem Sulemani

TIC Analysis l Tensions between the United States and Iran escalated in January of this year after a US air raid killed Qasem Sulemani, head of Iran's elite Quds Force, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, deputy...
Territorial Sea

Military Activities and Use of Force in Territorial Sea

TIC Analysis l Under both customary international law and Article 2 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS), the territorial sea is a space characterized by the inherent sovereignty of the...

R2P and Blurring of State Sovereignty

TIC Focus l R2P: Humanitarian intervention is often considered as controversial and against the tenants of UN Charter and other international conventions. This phenomenon is considered offensive by the states but is increasingly becoming popular...
Diplomatic Immunity

How Diplomatic Immunity Functions

TIC Focus l In USA, the executive branch is entrusted with the responsibility to determine the immunity of the diplomat. In 1978, the President Jimmy Carter delegated this responsibility to the Secretary of the State....
Article 370

Article 370 & Kashmir

Saad Rasool | On 5th of August, 2019, the myth of a secular India – inclusive of its many minorities – was finally buried by the right-wing, fascist, Hindutva government of Narendra Modi. And with...

The Article 370 Amendments: Key Legal Issues

At the heart of constitutional changes to Article 370 is Presidential Order C.O. 272, which constitutes the basis for everything that follows. The second is a Statutory Resolution introduced in the Rajya Sabha, which – invoking the authority...
Sovereignty

The Changing Paradigm of Sovereignty

TIC Focus l The concept of state sovereignty is not constant and has been changing since the time this concept evolved. The inherent principles of sovereignty, such as non-intervention, territorial integrity, and absolute power within...

Occupation of Palestine by Israel and Violations of International Law

Abdul Qayyum Achakzai | Abstract This paper will discuss in detail the violations of International law by Israel while occupying Palestine. The way International Law has been manipulated by the strong nations like Israel, the US...
Human Rights

Human Rights & Humanitarian Interventions

TIC Focus l International community tries to make sure that human rights are safeguarded. For this engagement and promotion are two of the most important tools that are used. Besides these other options are also...
Kulbhushan Jadhav

Kulbhushan Jadhav & the ICJ Decision

Commander Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav of Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) is sentenced to death by the Field General Court Martial (FGCM) under Section 59 of the Pakistan Army Act, 1952, ISPR. In an application...

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